MCAD Deficiency (ACADM) sequencing

Disorder Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency
Gene Name ACADM
Clinical info Medium chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase (MCAD) deficiency is the most common defect in mitochondrial -oxidation in humans. It is estimated that in the Caucasian population 1 in 50 individuals is a carrier and 1 in 10,000 live births will be affected. The disease shows an autosomal recessive pattern of inheritance and is characterized by a wide spectrum of clinical features including developmental delay, behavioral problems, fasting intolerance, and vomiting. Patients demonstrate hypoglycemia and medium chain dicarboxylic aciduria. If untreated the disease can lead to coma and premature death.
Indications Molecular testing is useful to confirm the diagnosis and to identify the disease causing mutation within a family to allow for carrier testing and prenatal diagnosis.
Detection

Sequencing of the ACADM gene should detect 95-100% of mutations in affected individuals.

Specimen Requirements 5 to 10 ml of peripheral blood collected in an EDTA (lavender top) Vacutainer tube is preferred.  The minimal blood needed for reliable DNA isolation is 3 ml
Transport The specimen should be kept at room temperature and delivered via overnight shipping.  FedEx is preferred.  If shipment is delayed by one or two days, the specimen should be refrigerated and shipped at room temperature.  Do not freeze the specimen.  Samples collected on Friday can be safely designated for Monday delivery.
Turnaround time 14 days
Prenatal testing Prenatal diagnosis is available if the familial mutations are known. Additional fees for cell culture and maternal cell contamination may apply. Maternal cell contamination studies are required for all prenatal molecular tests. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen.
CPT Codes Unknown mutation:  81479

Known mutation: 81404

Deletion/Duplication Analysis: 81229
Cost Unknown mutation: $1000

known mutation: $350

Deletion/duplication analysis: $700

Prenatal diagnosis for known mutation is $1000.  Please contact the laboratory for more information.

Contact For further information contact This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. , MS, Lab Counselor at 1-800-473-9411.

Molecular Diagnostic Lab

The Molecular Diagnostic Lab offers DNA analysis for many genetic disorders via gene sequencing, targeted mutation analysis, MLPA deletion/duplication testing, trinucleotide repeat analysis and next generation sequencing panels.

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