Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Sequencing Panel

Test Information

This panel of 24 genes is intended for patients with a diagnosis or clinical suspicion of Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy and is performed by Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). It is a molecular test useful to confirm the diagnosis and to identify the disease causing mutations within a family to allow for carrier testing and prenatal diagnosis.

This analysis is a subpanel of the NGS Cardiac Panel.

Turnaround Time

8-10 weeks

CPT Code(s)

81439

Cost

$3,000

Genes

  • ACTC1
  • ACTN2
  • CSRP3
  • DSG2
  • GLA
  • LAMP2
  • MYBPC3
  • MYH7
  • MYL2
  • MYL3
  • MYOZ2
  • NEXN
  • PDLIM3
  • PKP2
  • PLN
  • PRKAG2
  • PTPN11
  • RAF1
  • TNNC1
  • TNNI3
  • TNNT2
  • TPM1
  • TTN
  • TTR

Clinical Information

Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is associated with the thickening of the cardiac muscle between chambers of the heart. This thickening leads to reduced or inefficient blood flow and can either cause a heart murmur or other symptoms of the condition including chest pain, dyspnea, palpitations, and syncope. Individuals with HCM can also present with sudden death, and this condition has been associated with sudden death in young individuals and athletes. Typically, onset of HCM occurs in adolescence, but it can develop at any age. HCM is primarily inherited in an autosomal dominant manner, but autosomal recessive and X-linked forms occur as well. This panel consists of 24 genes that are associated with this condition.

Methodology

Next Generation Sequencing

Detection

The current design of this panel covers all genes and the flanking intronic sequences. This method allows for analysis of greater than 98% of the targeted sequence for the detection of nucleotide substitutions and small deletions and duplications. Large deletions and duplications will not be detected by this panel. Mutations and variants identified on the panel are confirmed with Sanger sequencing. All novel and apparently pathogenic changes are reported when found within the coding region as well as within 10 basepairs of each intron/exon boundary for each gene. Promoter and 3' untranslated sequences are not included in the current analysis. It should be noted that the current protocol is not specifically designed to detect copy number alterations and single exon deletions may require additional follow-up to determine whether or not they represent technical artifacts. We recommend further array-based testing to more accurately address the concerns of dosage alterations. The Cytogenetic Laboratory at GGC offers a high resolution whole genome SNP microarray. The GGC Diagnostic Laboratory Directors are available for further consultation regarding the limitations of the NGS and array testing procedures.

Specimen Requirements

The preferred sample type is peripheral blood collected in an EDTA (purple top) tube - at least 2-3ml for pediatric patients and 5-6ml for adult patients. Extracted DNA and saliva are also accepted for this test. Saliva samples must be submitted in an approved saliva kit. Contact the lab to receive a saliva kit or to have one sent to your patient.

Transport Instructions

The specimen should be kept at room temperature and delivered via overnight shipping. If shipment is delayed by one or two days, the specimen should be refrigerated and shipped at room temperature. Do not freeze the specimen. Samples collected on Friday can be safely designated for Monday delivery.

Prenatal Testing Information

If the pathogenic mutation(s) are identified in an affected individual using this panel, prenatal diagnosis is available for future pregnancies. Sanger sequencing will be used for prenatal diagnosis when there is a known familial mutation. Additional fees for cell culture and maternal cell contamination may apply. Maternal cell contamination studies are required for all prenatal molecular tests. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen.

Have Questions? Need Support?

Call our laboratory at 1-800-473-9411 or contact one of our Laboratory Genetic Counselors for assistance.
Robin Fletcher, MS, CGC
Kellie Walden, MS, CGC

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